Rabu, 21 Mei 2014

Ideal Procurement

A Dynamic Field

Procurement's improving significance is being driven by two economic changes:
•Increasing competitive pressures are forcing organizations to look at purchasing as a means of helping boost the bottom line. CEOs are looking for areas to cut expenses, and optimizing purchasing techniques is a viable solution.
•A lot of organizations are doing more outsourcing. This makes purchasing choices increasingly important to company vitality.

There are numerous ways an effective purchasing technique improves efficiency, including:
•Eliminating maverick investing.
•Streamlining operations.
•Improving provider connections.
•Increasing negotiating energy with providers.
•Strengthening provider connections.
•Aligning purchasing choices with company objectives and objectives.

How Mature Are You?

Measuring an company's purchasing adulthood involves evaluating how close it is to achieving each of the aforementioned results. There are four stages of maturity: novice, intermediate, advanced, and expert. There is no connection between company size and purchasing adulthood. Companies of all sizes are at various stages in the development of their purchasing functions.

Maturity Assessment Guide

1.Evaluate maverick investing in the IT department. Talk to supervisors and find out if unauthorized buys are being made. If so, what kind of purchases? You may be shocked by the number of buys occurring outside of formal purchasing protocols. On the other hand, with no method in position, expect excessive amounts of maverick investing. Procurement adulthood is generally recognized by the following stages of maverick spending:
oLevel 1: Significant maverick investing.
oLevel 2: Minimal maverick investing.
oLevel 3: Almost no maverick investing.
oLevel 4: No maverick investing.

2.Examine your purchasing techniques and techniques. Find your written set of techniques detailing the purchasing techniques for your company. If there is no documentation, does your company follow repeatable procedures? Or does each buy result in an ad-hoc patchwork of steps? Procurement adulthood is generally recognized by the following stages of purchasing procedures:
oLevel 1: No techniques or techniques.
oLevel 2: Processes and techniques exist, but are not recorded.
oLevel 3: Processes and techniques are recorded and implemented.
oLevel 4: Major purchasing choices are determined by a multi-function team.

3.Evaluate your connection with providers. Look beyond your internal purchasing techniques and concentrate on how well you know your providers. Typically, the more details you have about the people you do company with, the better the connection. With no buy details on hand, you cannot create a partnership with providers and organizations. With proper details, you can assess and position providers.
Your purchasing adulthood stage pertains to your provider connections as follows:
oLevel 1: No buy details on record; need to ask providers for it.
oLevel 2: Use provider details to assess price, quality, and distribution.
oLevel 3: Rank providers and create powerful connections with choose providers.
oLevel 4: A company's percentage of company correlates with efficiency ranking.

4.Assess your negotiating energy. Information also provides you with purchasing make use of. To what degree do you make use of details about providers to enhance investing power? Do you coordinate buys to enhance leverage? Does your company possess powerful negotiating skills? Your purchasing adulthood stage is recognized by your ability to make use of investing power:
oLevel 1: Company investing energy is not utilized.
oLevel 2: Major buys are negotiated and synchronized to enhance make use of.
oLevel 3: All buys are synchronized and utilized.
oLevel 4: Supplier's cost-reduction ideas are brought to your company first.

5.Determine procurement's strategic positioning. Experienced customers comprehend the overall company technique and the purchasing technique. How many of your purchasing choices are viewed as strategic decisions? Do you have a strategic strategy in place? Procurement's strategic positioning pertains to adulthood as follows:
oLevel 1: No strategic strategy governing purchasing.
oLevel 2: Although no strategic strategy exists, buys are tactically appropriate.
oLevel 3: Almost all buys are arranged with company technique.
oLevel 4: Perfect positioning with company objectives and objectives.

6.Evaluate your purchasing encounter. Do your customers receive training? Do they comprehend the strategic significance of purchasing decisions? Do they know how to apply price accounting to a negotiation? For example, do they know the difference between indirect and direct expenses, as well as overhead? Your purchasing adulthood stage with respect to purchasing encounter is recognized as follows:
oLevel 1: Limited purchasing experience; no coaching.
oLevel 2: Buyer coaching course is in position.
oLevel 3 & 4: Buyers comprehend strategic purchasing and the significance of price.

In Summary

A strategic strategy to IT purchasing can help cut expenses and enhance efficiencies. The first thing to taking a strategic strategy to IT purchasing technique is evaluating your current purchasing adulthood.

Strategic Procurement Part Two

Many enterprises have gained a strategic advantage by treating their purchasing as a strategic operate. Map out your purchasing procedure and make sure it encompasses these best methods.

Strong purchasing techniques arrange purchasing choices with company technique, enhance negotiating energy with providers, and enhance the value acquired from investment strategies.

The key is determining when to put purchasing through a detailed procedure. The dollar value of the buy is always a powerful indicator of strategic significance. For example, ordering all of office supplies from one provider at predetermined intervals can enhance purchasing make use of. More obvious these include replacing 50 CRT watches with LCD watches, purchasing 30 handheld devices, investing in a storage space system, or establishing a wireless lan. To accomplish maximum value from buys such as these, a purchasing method must be followed.

Best Practices

Add the following best methods to your current purchasing techniques to reduce maverick investing, maximize operational efficiency, accomplish substantial negotiating energy with providers, and arrange purchasing choices with company objectives and objectives.

1.Establish the purchasing purpose.
oDefine the target consumer and the borders of the position impacted by the buy as precisely as possible (i.e. dependencies on other projects, items and systems, the effects on company techniques, etc.).
oDetermine whether the buy is arranged with company objectives and objectives. If the argument for the buy cannot be justified along strategic lines, save yourself a lot of work by aborting the buy and turning your concentrate toward more tactically appropriate procurements.
oInterview stakeholders and analyze their stakes in the purchasing.
oAnalyze expenses and benefits.

2.Define purchasing specifications. The key to the purchasing procedure is planning out the details of the buy. Keeping in mind that even good plans are susceptible to change, it is essential to ensure thorough version management of the purpose and strategy during the whole procedure. The list of specifications demands completion of the following activities:
oDetermine scenarios for receiving the products or services from the provider.
oAnalyze the risks involved in the buy.
oPlan the purchasing within a risk management framework.
oIdentify the main decision points, such as timelines, type of provider, type of tendering, flexibility of agreements, and venture specifications.

3.Tender the offer. The purpose of tendering is to decide on a provider, and agree with a chosen provider on a agreement that defines deliverables and the responsibilities of both parties. The following actions are required to complete this step:
oEvaluating the previous efficiency of providers (if the details is available).
oPreparing a request for proposal (RFP).
oEvaluating the suppliers' response proposals.
oSelecting the provider that best meets the strategic needs of the company.
oPreparing a provider agreement for the distribution of products or services.

4.Monitor provider deliverables. This phase aims to observe the purchasing purpose as described in the agreement, i.e. to ensure that the deliverables conform to the specifications. Therefore, a described number of agreement status reviews should be prepared during the venture. The purpose of these reviews is to prevent unfulfilled agreement obligations, and to build a efficiency knowledge base of the provider.

5.Complete the purchasing. This task ensures that all outstanding issues regarding the purchasing have been concluded to your satisfaction. Activities to perform include:
oEnsure all agreements are completed.
oAssess the achievement of the purchasing purpose.
oEvaluate the results for future procurements, such as provider quality and areas to enhance the purchasing procedure.

In Summary

A powerful purchasing technique aligns purchasing choices with company technique, increases negotiating energy with providers, and boosts the value acquired from investment strategies. In order to create your purchasing operate, concentrate on techniques and people.

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